- Bill Boden was born in Rochester, New York, on June 21, 1948, and he grew up there. He graduated from the McQuaid Jesuit High School in 1966, from LeMoyne College in Syracuse with honors in 1970, and from SUNY Upstate Medical School in Syracuse, New York, in 1974. His internship and 2-year residency in internal medicine was at the Boston University (BU) Hospitals. Between his resident years, he was a research fellow in the Cardiology Section also at Boston University Hospitals. His clinical fellowship in cardiology was at Tufts-New England Medical Center in Boston.
- Peter Libby was born in Berkeley, California, on February 13, 1947, and grew up in that city as well. He graduated in 1969 from the University of California (UC), Berkeley with a bachelor's degree in biochemistry and French literature, and earned his medical degree in 1973 from UC, San Diego. He trained in internal medicine and in cardiovascular diseases at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital (now Brigham and Women's Hospital [BWH]) in Boston. During medical school, he was active in research, and continued this during his residency and fellowship.
- Barry Maron (Figure 1) was born in Los Angeles, California, on 22 August 1941, and he grew up there. After public high school, he went to Occidental College in Los Angeles, graduating in 1963, and then he went to New Orleans, Louisiana, to Tulane University School of Medicine, where he graduated in 1968. His internship was in pediatrics at University Hospitals, University of Wisconsin, in Madison, and his 1-year residency in pediatrics was at Stanford University Medical Center in Palo Alto, California.
- Dr. William C. Roberts interviews Dr. Joseph Stephen Alpert.