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Prevalence of Spinal Disc Disease Among Interventional Cardiologists

      Anecdotal experience suggests that wearing of lead radiation shielding aprons may be associated with an increased frequency of back pain, neck pain, and sciatica, but such associations have not previously been verified. To investigate these relations, we surveyed interventional cardiologists, orthopedic surgeons, and rheumatologists. These 3 physician study groups were thought to be appropriate for investigating the impact on skeletal problems of wearing lead aprons and standing for long periods of time (cardiologists) versus standing at an operating table without lead shielding (orthopedists) and standing for only short periods of time while examining patients (rheumatologists).
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