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The “Heart” of Environmental Justice

Published:December 14, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2022.11.046
      Environmental exposures, especially air pollution, have been linked with heart disease.
      • Rajagopalan S
      • Landrigan PJ.
      Pollution and the heart.
      Air pollution alone is estimated to cause 6 to 9 million deaths globally annually, mostly attributable to ischemic heart disease and stroke.
      • Rajagopalan S
      • Landrigan PJ.
      Pollution and the heart.
      The health impact of environmental exposures varies significantly depending on the susceptibility and vulnerability of the exposed populations.
      • Stilianakis N.
      Susceptibility and vulnerability to health effects of air pollution: the case of nitrogen dioxide.
      Underrepresented minorities and people of color often face higher exposures to various pollutants, owing to historic inequities and structural racism, which impact cardiovascular disease disparities.
      • Rajagopalan S
      • Landrigan PJ.
      Pollution and the heart.
      ,
      • Bullard RD.
      Environmental justice in the 21st century: race still matters.
      We sought to characterize contemporary racial differences in environmental exposures throughout the United States.
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      References

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        • Landrigan PJ.
        Pollution and the heart.
        N Engl J Med. 2021; 385: 1881-1892
        • Stilianakis N.
        Susceptibility and vulnerability to health effects of air pollution: the case of nitrogen dioxide.
        Joint Research Centre, European Commission. 2015 (Available at:) (Accessed on September 20, 2022)
        • Bullard RD.
        Environmental justice in the 21st century: race still matters.
        Phylon. 2001; 49: 151-171
      1. US EPA, Ejscreen O. Environmental justice screening and mapping tool. Available at: XXX. Accessed on February 20, 2022.

        • Motairek I
        • Lee EK
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