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Association Between the Redox State of Human Serum Albumin and Exercise Capacity in Patients With Cardiac Disease

Published:December 09, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2022.11.034
      The redox state of human serum albumin (HSA) is reported to be an oxidative stress biomarker; however, its clinical use in cardiac disease has not yet been examined. This study aimed to investigate the relation between the redox state of HSA and exercise capacity, which is a robust prognostic factor, in patients with cardiovascular disease. This cross-sectional study included outpatients with cardiac disease. Exercise capacity was assessed by peak oxygen consumption (peakVO2) measured using symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise testing. The high-performance liquid chromatography postcolumn bromocresol green method was used to part HSA into human nonmercaptalbumin (oxidized form) and human mercaptalbumin (HMA, reduced form). The fraction of human mercaptalbumin found in HSA (f[HMA]) was calculated as an indicator of the redox state of HSA. The association between peakVO2 and f(HMA) was examined using the Spearman correlation coefficient and multivariate linear regression analysis. A total of 70 patients were included (median age 76 years; 44 men; median peakVO2 15.5 ml/kg/min). The f(HMA) was positively correlated with peakVO2 (r = 0.38, p <0.01). Even after controlling for potential confounders, this association remained in the multivariate linear regression analysis (standardized beta = 0.24, p <0.05). We found a positive association between f(HMA) and peakVO2, independent of potential confounders in patients with cardiac disease, suggesting that f(HMA) may be a novel biomarker related to exercise capacity in cardiac disease. Longitudinal studies are required to further examine the prognostic capability of f(HMA), the responsiveness to clinical intervention, and the association between f(HMA) and cardiac disease.
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