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Meta-Analysis of Efficacy of Vasopressin During Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

      Randomized controlled trials evaluating the efficacy of vasopressin versus standard of care during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) have yielded conflicting results. An electronic search of MEDLINE, Cochrane, and Embase databases was conducted through February 2022 for randomized controlled trials that evaluated the outcomes of vasopressin versus standard of care during CPR among patients with cardiac arrest. The primary outcome was the likelihood of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) return. Data were pooled using the random-effects model. The final analysis included 11 trials with 6,609 patients. The weighted mean age was 65.5 years, and 68.2% were men. There was no significant difference between the vasopressin and control groups in the likelihood of ROSC (33.1% vs 31.9%, odds ratio [OR] 1.23, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.98 to 1.55). Subgroup analyses suggested that the use of vasopressin versus control increased the likelihood of ROSC when used in combination with steroids (pinteraction = 0.01) and in cases of in-hospital cardiac arrest (pinteraction = 0.01). There was no significant difference between the vasopressin and control groups in the likelihood of favorable neurological outcome (OR 1.14, 95% CI 0.75 to 1.71), in-hospital mortality (OR 0.89, 95% CI 0.60 to 1.31), or ventricular arrhythmias (OR 0.93, 95% CI 0.44 to 1.97). In conclusion, compared with the standard of care, the use of vasopressin during CPR did not increase the likelihood of ROSC among patients with cardiac arrest. There was no difference between the vasopressin and control groups in the likelihood of the favorable neurological outcome, in-hospital mortality, or ventricular arrhythmias.
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