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Establishing Care Post Discharge Following a Heart Failure Hospitalization in an Uninsured Heart Failure Population

      Multidisciplinary interprofessional outpatient care improves mortality for patients with heart failure (HF) but is underutilized. We sought to identify factors associated with not establishing outpatient care among uninsured individuals with HF. We included uninsured individuals referred to an interprofessional clinic after a hospitalization with HF from 2016 to 2019. The primary outcome was establishing care, defined as presenting to clinic within 7 days of discharge from the hospital. We constructed multivariable adjusted logistic regression models to identify predictors of establishing care. A total of 698 uninsured individuals were referred, of whom 583 (84%) established care. Mean age was 49.5 ± 11 years, 15% were rural-dwelling, 59% were black, and 31% were female. Black participants who were rural-dwelling (adusted odds ratio [aOR] 0.07, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.03 to 0.17) or reported alcohol use (aOR 0.32, 95% CI 0.16 to 0.64) had lower odds of establishing care. White participants who were rural-dwelling (aOR 2.63, 95% CI 1.17 to 5.90) had higher odds of establishing care. Uninsured black individuals with HF who live in rural communities or who are active alcohol users represent a group that is at high risk of not establishing outpatient follow-up after a hospitalization with HF. Efforts to reduce this disparity are warranted to improve health outcomes in this population.
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