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Transesophageal Echocardiography For The Assessment of Left Atrial Pressure After Trans-Septal Mitral Valve Interventions

      The measure of left atrial pressure (LAP) is an ideal marker for the clinical efficacy of transcatheter mitral valve intervention. Currently, only the invasive measurement of LAP (i-LAP) is available and no echocardiographic methods are reliable in the setting of transcatheter mitral valve intervention. This study sought to validate a new echocardiographic method for the estimation of LAP (e-LAP) by comparing it with i-LAP. During percutaneous edge-to-edge procedure with MitraClip, the i-LAP was routinely monitored. Across the iatrogenic interatrial septum defect, the flow was sampled with continuous-wave Doppler echocardiography for deriving the mean pressure gradient between the left atrium and the right atrium, and the central venous pressure was added to obtain the e-LAP. The correlation between the measures derived from these 2 methods was explored. A total of 34 consecutive patients were included. Intraclass correlation coefficient between e-LAP and i-LAP was high (intraclass correlation coefficient [95% confidence interval] 0.809 [0.625 to 0.902], R Pearson 0.6, p <0.001); a bias of −1.3 mm Hg for e-LAP versus i-LAP was found (p = 0.32). The median follow-up was 108 days (interquartile range 40 to 264). No death occurred and 6 patients were rehospitalized for heart failure. Postimplant e-LAP was correlated with rehospitalization at follow-up (hazard ratio 1.46, 95% confidence interval 1.022 to 2.1, p = 0.038). A cut-off value of 9.5 mm Hg for the e-LAP was identified as predictor of rehospitalization for heart failure. The evaluation of e-LAP has optimal reliability compared with i-LAP; a value more than 9.5 mm Hg was found to be related to higher risk of events at short follow-up.
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