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Patient Characteristics, Procedural Characteristics, and Outcomes in Patients Having Lead Extraction in a High-Volume Center

      The rate of transvenous lead extraction (TLE) is increasing, with an increasing rate of complex devices being implanted. TLE is now a routine part of cardiac device management and up-to-date data on the safety and efficacy of TLE with modern tools and techniques is essential to management decisions regarding noninfectious indications for lead extraction. We present a contemporary, prospective review of TLE at our high-volume cardiac center. All patients who underwent TLE from June 2016 to June 2019 were enrolled in our local database, and baseline clinical data, procedural information, and outcome data were collected. In total, 561 leads were explanted (n = 153) or extracted (n = 408) from 341 patients over the study period. Patients were predominantly male (71%), with a mean age of 65 ± 17 years. The most common indication for lead removal was lead failure (45.2%, n = 154), followed by infection of the pocket or device (29.3%, n = 100). In total, complete success was achieved in 96.4% (n = 541) leads, clinical success in a further 2.1% (n = 12), and failure only in 1.4% (n = 8). There was an overall complication rate of 0.9% (3/341) for major complications and 1.5% (5/341) for minor complications. There were no deaths. In conclusion, our data suggest that there are ongoing improvements in the safety profile and success rates of lead extraction undertaken by experienced operators. The major complication rate now is <1%.
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