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Comparison of In-Hospital Bleeding and Cardiovascular Events with High-Dose Bolus Tirofiban and Shortened Infusion to Short-Duration Eptifibatide as Adjunctive Therapy for Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

Published:September 26, 2018DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2018.09.029
      Potent platelet inhibition is one of the most important medical interventions to prevent ischemic complications during and after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Practice has evolved with the introduction of potent oral P2Y12 inhibitors that provide quick, effective platelet inhibition, and the need for routine glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GPIs) has decreased. Additionally, a shorter duration of GPI infusion has been shown to be safe with adequate oral antiplatelet loading, but clinical outcome data are limited to eptifibatide. This single-center, retrospective cohort study analyzed in-hospital outcomes for patients who received adjunctive GPI therapy for PCI before and after an institution-wide switch to high-dose bolus tirofiban with shortened infusion from short-duration eptifibatide. The primary end point was a composite in-hospital outcome of major and minor bleeding and cardiovascular events (death, myocardial infarction, coronary artery bypass grafting, ischemic stroke, and target vessel revascularization). Secondary end points included bleeding and cardiovascular event types. A total of 357 and 446 patients received eptifibatide and tirofiban, respectively, from February 1, 2014 through September 30, 2017. Thirty five eptifibatide and 46 tirofiban patients experienced an in-hospital composite event (9.8% vs 10.3%, p = 0.81). There was no difference found between in-hospital bleeding (6.4% vs 5.4%, p = 0.52) or cardiovascular events (5.6% vs 6.5%, p = 0.60) with the use of eptifibatide or tirofiban, respectively. Multivariable analysis showed that patients with transradial access or an indication of unstable angina were less likely to experience an in-hospital composite event (OR 0.30 and 0.19, respectively, p <0.001 for both). In conclusion, the use of high-dose bolus tirofiban with shortened infusion versus short-duration eptifibatide was not associated with an increase of in-hospital bleeding or cardiovascular events.
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