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Comparison of Tricuspid Annular Plane Systolic Excursion in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Versus Sinus Rhythm

Published:November 06, 2015DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2015.10.035
      Echocardiography now plays a central guiding role in the management of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, the current guidelines mention little about the presence AF during the assessment of echocardiographic variables in the clinical setting. AF itself may impact on tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) as a right ventricular systolic function compared with sinus rhythm (SR). The aim of this study was to compare and assess the echocardiographic parameters including TAPSE in patients with AF and SR. From January 1, 2013, to September 30, 2014, patients with AF without any cardiovascular disease were retrospectively evaluated using echocardiography. Age-, gender-, and left ventricular ejection fraction–matched patients with SR were selected from our database on the basis of a comprehensive history, physical examination, and echocardiographic findings. During the study period, we identified 239 patients with AF (74 ± 9 years; 65% men) and without any cardiac disease who underwent echocardiography. We also included 281 patients in the SR group (74 ± 8 years; 67% men). In all study subjects, TAPSE in AF was smaller than in SR regardless of age (17 ± 3 vs 20 ± 3 mm, p <0.001). In the stepwise multiple regression model, TAPSE was strongly associated with the presence of AF (standardized β = −0.362, p <0.001) and stroke volume index (standardized β = 0.173, p <0.001) after adjustment for age, gender, heart rate, left ventricular ejection fraction, and tricuspid regurgitant grade. In conclusions, patients with AF had lower TAPSE than those with SR regardless of age. When we assess TAPSE in the clinical setting, we must pay attention to the presence of AF.
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