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Comparison of Coronary Flow Velocity Reserve Measurement by Transthoracic Doppler Echocardiography With 320-Row Multidetector Computed Tomographic Coronary Angiography in the Detection of In-Stent Restenosis in the Three Major Coronary Arteries

      We sought to compare the diagnostic accuracy and feasibility of coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR) measurement using transthoracic Doppler echocardiography (TTDE) and 320-row multidetector computed tomographic coronary angiography (CTCA) for predicting in-stent restenosis (ISR). We enrolled 126 consecutive patients with 309 implanted coronary stents in the 3 major coronary arteries. TTDE and CTCA were performed within the 2-week period before follow-up invasive coronary angiography. Binary ISR was defined as percent diameter stenosis ≥50% on invasive coronary angiogram. A CFVR <2.0 using TTDE and a narrowing of ≥50% measured with CTCA were the thresholds indicating the presence of binary ISR. Presence of ISR using invasive coronary angiography was observed in 26 (8%) stents and 26 (14%) vessels. Feasibilities of CFVR measurement and CTCA for predicting ISR in the 3 major vessels were 94% and 91%, respectively. A CFVR <2.0 revealed a 95% diagnostic accuracy with sensitivity of 87%, specificity of 96%, positive predictive value of 77%, and negative predictive value of 98%. Diagnostic accuracy of CTCA was comparable to that of CFVR measurement; however, CTC angiographic results were confounded by metal artifacts in the assessment of small-diameter stents. In conclusion, noninvasive CFVR measurement has high feasibility and accuracy for predicting ISR and is comparable to 320-row CTCA.
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