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Relation of Mitral Valve Prolapse to Basal Left Ventricular Hypertrophy as Determined by Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Published:February 16, 2012DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2011.12.029
      We aimed to characterize the extent and distribution of focal basal left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy in patients with mitral valve prolapse (MVP). Sixty-three patients (mean age: 58 ± 14 years) with MVP and 20 age-matched normal volunteers (mean age: 53 ± 11 years) were assessed using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. We compared the ratio of basal to mid end-diastolic wall thickness in both groups and correlated it with clinical and imaging parameters. Of the 63 patients, 44 (70%) had posterior leaflet prolapse, 2 (3%) had anterior leaflet prolapse, and 17 (27%) had bileaflet prolapse. There was a significantly increased ratio of basal to mid-ventricular end-diastolic wall thickness in all segments of the left ventricle in those with MVP compared to the controls. The inferolateral (2.1 vs 1.0, p <0.01) and anterolateral (2.1 vs 1.1) ratios (p <0.01) were the greatest compared to the other myocardial segments. The degree of mitral annular excursion had a strong positive correlation with the degree of hypertrophy (r2 = 0.81, p <0.01) and was an independent predictor in adjusted multivariate analysis (p <0.0001). Age, body mass index, LV end-diastolic volume index, LV end -systolic volume index, LV stroke volume index, degree of prolapse, and mitral regurgitation volume did not have any significant correlation with the degree of hypertrophy. In conclusion, MVP is associated with concentric basal LV hypertrophy and good correlation between the excursion of the mitral valve annulus and the degree of relative LV hypertrophy suggests that locally increased myocardial function could be responsible for this remodeling.
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