Outcomes of Drug-Eluting Stents for Protected Left Main Coronary Artery Disease (from the Multicenter, United States DEScover Registry)

Published:November 28, 2011DOI:
      Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for protected left main coronary artery (PLM) disease is complex because of patient and lesion factors; however, limited data exist on the outcomes of drug-eluting stent (DES) use for this indication. DEScover is a prospective observational study that enrolled consecutive patients with PCI in 2005. In-hospital and 1-year statuses were analyzed for 6,172 patients treated with DES according to LM and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) statuses (PLM, n = 93; previous CABG native vessel non-LM, n = 722; no previous CABG, n = 5,357). Cumulative event rates were calculated by the Kaplan–Meier method. Cox proportional hazards regression was used for multivariable analysis of adverse events. Baseline clinical, angiographic, and procedural variables differed significantly among groups, with patients with previous CABG, PLM, and non-LM having higher risk characteristics. In patients with previous CABG, after adjustment with CABG non-LM as a reference group, there were no significant differences in 1-year risk of any adverse event except a trend toward a greater risk of myocardial infarction (MI) in patients with PLM (adjusted hazard ratio 2.4, confidence interval 0.95 to 6.2, p = 0.06). However, patients after CABG (PLM and non-LM) compared to patients without previous CABG had a similar adjusted risk of death, MI, and stent thrombosis; an increased risk of target lesion revascularization (adjusted hazard ratio 1.79, confidence interval 1.2 to 2.6, p = 0.003), target vessel revascularization and death/MI/target vessel revascularization; and a lower risk of CABG (adjusted hazard ratio 0.25, confidence interval 0.09 to 0.67, p = 0.006). In conclusion, status after CABG rather than PLM location increases the risk of repeat revascularization with PCI in DES-treated patients.
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