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Comparison of Angiographic and Other Findings and Mortality in Non–ST-Segment Elevation versus ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction in Patients Undergoing Early Invasive Intervention

      We sought to compare the angiographic findings and mortality in patients with non–ST-segment elevation (NSTEMI) versus ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing early invasive intervention. Of 11,872 patients enrolled in the Korean Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry from November 2005 to January 2008, we studied patients with NSTEMI undergoing early invasive intervention (n = 1,486) and those with STEMI undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (n = 4,392). Multivessel coronary disease, baseline Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow grade 3, and the left circumflex artery as a culprit lesion occurred more frequently in patients with NSTEMI than in those with STEMI. Those with NSTEMI had a significantly lower mortality rate than those with STEMI during a median follow-up of about 12 months (3.8% vs 6.7%, p <0.001). In the patients with NSTEMI, the independent predictors of mortality included postprocedural TIMI flow grade 0 to 2 (hazard ratio [HR] 3.07, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.01 to 9.29, p = 0.047) and multivessel coronary disease (HR 3.83, 95% CI 1.36 to 10.81, p = 0.010) but not baseline TIMI flow or infarct location. However, baseline TIMI flow grade 0 to 2 (HR 1.56, 95% CI 1.03 to 2.36, p = 0.035), anterior infarction (HR 1.69, 95% CI 1.28 to 2.23, p <0.001), multivessel coronary disease (HR 1.45, 95% CI 1.10 to 1.91, p = 0.008), and postprocedural TIMI flow grade 0 to 2 (HR 2.00, 95% CI 1.42 to 2.82, p <0.001) were all independent predictors of mortality in the patients with STEMI. In conclusion, the angiographic findings in patients from NSTEMI differ from those in patients with STEMI. Postprocedural TIMI flow and multivessel coronary disease were independent predictors of mortality in patients with NSTEMI undergoing early invasive intervention.
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