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Robert Alan Vogel, MD: a conversation with the editor*

        Bob Vogel is Professor of Medicine and Director, Clinical Vascular Biology at the University of Maryland School of Medicine in Baltimore. He was born in New York City in May 1943, graduated in 1963 from Columbia University, magna cum laude, with a BA degree in physics, and from Yale University School of Medicine, cum laude, in 1967. His internship and residency in internal medicine and his fellowship in cardiology were at the University of Colorado Medical Center. Following completion of his training, he joined the faculty at the University of Colorado School of Medicine and remained there until 1980 when he went to the University of Michigan School of Medicine in Ann Arbor. In 1985 he became full professor. In 1987, he moved to Baltimore to be the Herbert Berger Professor of Medicine at the University of Maryland School of Medicine and head of the Division of Cardiology. In 2000, he became director of clinical vascular biology at that center. Dr. Vogel has published over 180 articles in medical journals, 50 chapters in various medical books; he has coauthored 1 book and authored another. He is also a great guy.
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        Further reading

        Selected publications of RAV selected by RAV
        References marked with an asterisk are of special interest.
        References marked with an asterisk are of special interest.

        1. *Vogel R, Kirch D, LeFree M, Steele P. A new method of multi-planar emission tomography using a seven-pinhole collimator and an Anger scintillation camera. J Nucl Med 1978;19:647–656.

        2. Steele P, Rainwater J, Vogel R. Abnormal platelet survival in men with myocardial infarction and normal coronary arteriograms. Am J Cardiol 1978;41:60–62.

        3. *Vogel RA, Kirch D, LeFree M, Rainwater J, Jensen D, Steele P. Thallium-201 myocardial perfusion scintigraphy: results of standard and multi pinhole tomographic techniques. Am J Cardiol 1979;43:787–793.

        4. Steele P, Rainwater J, Vogel R. Platelet suppressant therapy in patients with prosthetic cardiac valves, relationship of clinical effectiveness to alteration of platelet survival time. Circulation 1979;60:910–913.

        5. Vogel R. Quantitative aspects of myocardial perfusion imaging. Semin Nucl Med 1980;10:146–156.

        6. *Vogel R, LeFree M, Bates E, O'Neill W, Foster R, Kirlin P, Smith D, Pitt B. Application of digital techniques to selective coronary arteriography: use of myocardial contrast appearance time to measure coronary flow reserve. Am Heart J 1984;107:153–164.

        7. O'Neill WW, Walton JA, Bates ER, Colfer HT, Aueron FM, LeFree MT, Pitt B, Vogel RA. Criteria for successful coronary angioplasty as assessed by alterations in coronary vasodilatory reserve. J Am Coll Cardiol 1984;3:1382–1390.

        8. Vogel RA, Bates ER, O'Neill WW, Aueron FM, Meier B, Gruentzig AR. Coronary flow reserve measured during cardiac catheterization. Arch Intern Med 1984;144:1773–1777.

        9. Hodgson JMcB, LeGrand V, Bates ER, Mancini GBJ, Aueron FM, O'Neill WW, Simon SB, Beauman GJ, LeFree MT, Vogel RA. Validation in dogs of a rapid digital angiographic technique to measure relative coronary blood flow during routine cardiac catheterization. Am J Cardiol 1985;55:188–193.

        10. Bates ER, Aueron FM, LeGrand V, LeFree MT, Mancini GBJ, Hodgson JM, Vogel RA. Comparative long-term effects of coronary artery bypass graft surgery and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty on regional coronary flow reserve. Circulation 1985;72:833–839.

        11. LeGrand V, Hodgson JMcB, Bates ER, Aueron FM, Mancini GBJ, Smith JS, Gross MD, Vogel RA. Abnormal coronary flow reserve and abnormal radionuclide exercise test results in patients with normal coronary angiograms. J Am Coll Cardiol 1985;6:1245–1253.

        12. *LeGrand V, Mancini GBJ, Bates ER, Hodgson JMcB, Gross MD, Vogel RA. A comparative study of coronary flow reserve, coronary anatomy and the results of radionuclide exercise tests in patients with coronary heart disease. J Am Coll Cardiol 1986;8:1022–1032.

        13. Bates ER, McGillem MJ, Beal TF, DeBoe SF, Mickelson JK, Mancini GBJ, Vogel RA. Effect of angioplasty induced endothelial denudation versus medial injury on regional coronary blood flow. Circulation 1987;76:710–716.

        14. Vogel RA, Tommaso CL, Gundry SR. Initial experience with coronary angioplasty and aortic valvuloplasty using elective semipercutaneous cardiopulmonary support. Am J Cardiol 1988;62:811–813.

        15. Vogel RA. Assessing stenosis significance by coronary arteriography: Are the best variables good enough? J Am Coll Cardiol 1988;12:692–693.

        16. Vogel R, Shawl F, Tommaso C, O'Neill W, Overlie P, O'Toole J, Vandormael M, Topol E, Tabari KK, Vogel J, et al. Initial report of the National Registry of Elective Supported Angioplasty. J Am Coll Cardiol 1990;15:23–29.

        17. *Beauman GJ, Vogel RA. Accuracy of individual and panel visual interpretations of coronary arteriograms: implications for clinical decisions. J Am Coll Cardiol 1990;16:108–113.

        18. Vogel RA. Comparative clinical consequences of aggressive lipid management, coronary angioplasty and bypass surgery in coronary artery disease. Am J Cardiol 1992;69:1229–1233.

        19. Vogel RA. Endothelium-dependent vasoregulation of coronary artery diameter and blood flow. Circulation 1993;88:325–327.

        20. Folland ED, Vogel RA, Hartigan P, Bates ER, Beauman GJ, Fortin T, Boucher C, Parisi AF. The relation between coronary artery stenosis (assessed by visual, caliper and computer methods) and exercise capacity in patients with single vessel coronary artery disease. Circulation 1994;89:2005–2014.

        21. MAAS Investigators. Effect of simvastatin on coronary atheroma: the Multicenter Anti-Atheroma Study (MAAS). Lancet 1994;344:633–638.

        22. Miller M, Konkel K, Fitzpatrick D, Burgan R, Vogel RA. Divergent reporting of coronary risk factors before coronary bypass surgery. Am J Cardiol 1995;75:736–737.

        23. Corretti MC, Plotnick CD, Vogel RA. Technical aspects of evaluating brachial artery vasodilation using high-frequency ultrasound. Am J Physiol 1995;268 (Heart Circ Physiol 37):H1397–H1404.

        24. *Ellerbeck E, Jencks S, Radford M, Kresowick T, Craig A, Gold J, Krumholtz H, Vogel R. Treatment of Medicare patients with acute myocardial infarction: report on a four state pilot of the Cooperative Cardiovascular Project. JAMA 1995;273:1509–1514.

        25. *Vogel RA, Corretti MC, Plotnick GD. Changes in flow-mediated brachial artery vasoactivity with lowering of desirable cholesterol levels in healthy middle-aged men. Am J Cardiol 1996;77:37–40.

        26. *Vogel RA, Corretti MC, Plotnick GD. Effect of a single high-fat meal on endothelial function in healthy subjects. Am J Cardiol 1997;79:350–354.

        27. Plotnick GD, Corretti MC, Vogel RA. Effect of antioxidant vitamins on the transient impairment of endothelium-dependent brachial artery vasoactivity following a single high-fat meal. JAMA 1997;278:1682–1686.

        28. Vogel RA, Corretti MC. Estrogens, progestins, and heart disease. Can endothelial function divine the benefit? Circulation 1998;97:1223–1226.

        29. Marciniak TA, Ellerbech EF, Radford MJ, Kresowik TF, Gold JA, Krumholz HM, Kiefe CI, Allman RM, Vogel RA, Jencks SF. Improving the quality of care for Medicare patients with acute myocardial infarction. Results from the Cooperative Cardiovascular Project. JAMA 1998;279:1351–1357.

        30. *Gottlieb SS, McCarter RJ, Vogel R. The effects of beta-blockade in high and low subgroups following myocardial infarction. N Engl J Med 1998;339:489–497.

        31. Ziskind AA, Lauer MA, Bishop G, Vogel RA. Assessing the appropriateness of coronary revascularization: The University of Maryland appropriateness score (RAS) and its comparison to RAND expert panel ratings and American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines with regard to assigned appropriateness rating and ability to predict outcome. Clin Cardiol 1999;22:67.

        32. Borer JS, Vogel RA. Bethesda Conference #30: effect of current national medical priorities and reimbursement on cardiovascular research activities in academic medical centers. J Am Coll Cardiol 1999;33:1109–1120.

        33. Vogel RA. Cholesterol lowering and endothelial function. Am J Med 1999;107:479–487.

        34. *Vogel RA, Plotnick GD, Corretti MC. The postprandial effects of components of the Mediterranean diet on endothelial function. J Am Coll Cardiol 2000;26:1455–1460.

        35. Corretti M, Anderson TJ, Benjamin EJ, Celermajer D, Charbonneau F, Creager M, Daley W, Deanfield J, Drexler H, Gerhard M, et al. Guidelines for the ultrasound assessment of endothelial-dependent flow-mediated vasodilation of the brachial artery: a report of the International Brachial Artery Reactivity Task Force. J Am Coll Cardiol 2002;39:257–265.

        36. Fletcher GF, Balady GJ, Vogel RA: 33rd Bethesda Conference: preventive cardiology: how can we do better? J Am Coll Cardiol 2002;40:580–651.

        37. Vogel RA. Vintners and vasodilators: are French wines more cardioprotective? J Am Coll Cardiol 2003;41:479–481.

        38. Vogel RA. Heads and hearts. The endothelial connection. Circulation 2003;107:2766–2768.