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Relation of mortality of primary angioplasty during acute myocardial infarction to door-to-Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) time

      Abstract

      For primary angioplasty of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), the relation of treatment benefit and time has been debated. The present study aimed to evaluate, in a single-center cohort of patients with ST-segment elevation AMI, which time intervals were carefully and consistently measured, and the relations among ischemic time, in-hospital delays, and in-hospital survival. We included 499 patients (mean age 59 years; 80% men) who underwent successful primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) for AMI admitted ≤6 hours after symptom onset. The population was divided into tertiles with respect to time between onset of symptoms and admission, onset of symptoms to Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) grade 3 flow, and time from admission to TIMI grade 3 flow. Univariate analysis followed by multiple logistic regression was performed using the variables linked to mortality in the univariate analysis to assess the relation between predictor variables and in-hospital mortality. The in-hospital mortality rate was 3.2%. There was no significant relation between the various tertiles of time intervals and in-hospital mortality. After linear logistic regression, only age (odds ratio [OR] 1.79 per 10 years), female gender (OR 3.56), and door-to-TIMI 3 time (OR 1.27 per 15 minutes) were independently correlated with in-hospital mortality.
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