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Aortic distensibility is increasing in elite athletes

      Physiolologic adaptations in an athlete’s heart include increased left and right ventricular chamber size, increased left ventricular wall thickness and mass, and a decreased heart rate at rest.
      • Shapiro L.M.
      The athlete’s heart and cardiovascular disease. The morphologic consequences of systemic training.
      ,
      • Henriksen E.
      • Landelius J.
      • Wesslen L.
      • et al.
      Echocardiographic right and left ventricular measurements in male elite endurance athletes.
      ,
      • Pelliccia A.
      • Culasso F.
      • Di Paolo F.M.
      • Maron B.J.
      Physiologic left ventricular cavity dilatation in elite male athletes.
      It is known that static or isometric exercise is associated with concentric left ventricular hypertrophy, whereas endurance training or isotonic exercise is associated with eccentric left ventricular hypertrophy.
      • Pluim B.M.
      • Zwinderman A.H.
      • van der Laarse A.
      • van der Wall E.E.
      The athlete’s heart. A meta-analysis of cardiac structure and function.
      Because aortic elastic properties are important determinants of blood pressure and left ventricular function, this study was performed to assess the elastic properties of aorta in elite athletes.
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