Usefulness of QT dispersion immediately after exercise as an indicator of coronary stenosis independent of gender or exercise-induced ST-segment depression


      Several recent studies suggest that QT dispersion on a standard 12-lead electrocardiogram is a clinically useful indicator of significant coronary stenosis. In this study, we compared the diagnostic accuracy of QT dispersion immediately after exercise as an indicator of coronary stenosis in men and women, and in the presence or absence of exercise-induced significant ST-segment depression. The subjects were 273 consecutive patients (mean age 56 ± 9 years; 190 men and 83 women) without a history of myocardial infarction who underwent treadmill exercise electrocardiography and coronary angiography for evaluation of angina. Of these, 146 patients had no significant coronary stenosis, 61 had single-vessel disease, 56 had multivessel disease, and 10 had left main coronary artery disease. QT dispersion immediately after exercise was significantly greater in patients with significant coronary stenosis than in those without (64 ± 14 vs 39 ± 14 ms, p <0.01). QT dispersion immediately after exercise was significantly more sensitive in men (sensitivity 75%; specificity 85%) and significantly more specific in women (sensitivity 77%, specificity 88%) than exercise-induced significant ST-segment depression (men: sensitivity 62%, specificity 74%; women: sensitivity 81%, specificity 68%) as an indicator of significant coronary stenosis. The addition of factors such as gender and the presence or absence of exercise-induced significant ST-segment depression did not significantly alter the sensitivity and specificity of QT dispersion immediately after exercise for detecting significant coronary stenosis (patients with significant ST-segment depression: sensitivity 77%, specificity 88%; patients without significant ST-segment depression: sensitivity 72%, specificity 86%). In conclusion, QT dispersion immediately after exercise is a clinically useful indicator of significant coronary stenosis independent of gender or the presence or absence of exercise-induced significant ST-segment depression.
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