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Relation between acute ventricular arrhythmias, ventricular late potentials and mortality in acute myocardial infarction

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      Abstract

      The relation between ventricular late potentials and the occurrence of acute (in-hospital) and hyperacute (before hospital admission) ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation was studied in 281 consecutive patients with uninterrupted acute myocardial infarction. The prevalence of late potentials was significantly higher in patients with than without ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation (65 vs 22%; p < 0.01). These relations persisted among patients with left bundle branch block, although a different definition was used for identifying late potentials in these patients. Multivariate analysis showed that presence of late potentials and peak creatine kinase enzyme level were the only 2 independent variables associated with early ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation.
      Total in-hospital mortality, as well as in-hospital cardiac mortality, was significantly higher among patients with than without acute ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation. However, at 1 year, mortality rates did not differ between the 2 groups.
      The following conclusions were drawn from this study: (1) Late potentials are closely related to ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation in hyperacute and acute phases of infarction. (2) Presence of left bundle branch block does not mitigate against the finding of late potentials in these patients. (3) Early ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation in acute infarction is related to large infarctions and to a high in-hospital mortality rate.
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