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Pharmacology and clinical use of hydralazine in the treatment of diastolic hypertension

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      Abstract

      Hydralazine remains one of the most interesting and valuable hypotensive agents available. Having both a central and a peripheral action, it provides uniform lowering of the blood pressure. Potentiation of its hypotensive action by concomitant use of thiazide diuretics is an additional desirable property that makes it useful in the treatment of hypertension despite the varied side effects that may accompany its use. The exacerbation of coronary insufficiency concomitant with its use contraindicates the prescription of hydralazine for patients with symptomatic coronary disease. The delayed and serious “collagenlike” syndromes that occasionally occur during hydralazine therapy are less frequently seen with smaller doses of the drug than with the larger doses formerly used; more recent work suggests that regression of the syndrome after cessation of hydralazine therapy may be prolonged.
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