Cor triloculare biatrium with pulmonary stenosis

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      A report of an adult patient with cyanosis is presented and the difficulties encountered in reaching the diagnosis are mentioned.
      Most patients with cor triloculare biatrium are severely symptomatic and more than 50 per cent die early in childhood. Those who survive to adolescence or adulthood probably have adaptive mechanisms as have been outlined herein. Most of these patients are born with cyanosis or it develops early in life.
      In those who are acyanotic or mildly cyanotic a large pulmonary artery arising from the main part of the common ventricle is present, allowing a great volume of blood to be oxygenated in the lungs. Usually the degree of cyanosis is directly proportional to the severity of dyspnea and fatigue. The beneficial effect of pulmonary stenosis in cor triloculare biatrium is also suggested.
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